2nd National School Milk Conference-Mombasa County
|October 27, 2016 8:00 am - October 28, 2016 4:00 pm|
|PrideInn Plus Paradise - Mombasa County.|
ABOUT THE 2ND NATIONAL SCHOOL MILK CONFERENCE
The Kenya Dairy Board in collaboration with the State Department of Livestock and the Kenya Agricultural Value Chains Enterprises, are planning to hold the second Kenyan National School Milk Conference targeting all the 47 County Governments.
October 27th and 28th 2016
PrideInn Plus Paradise – Mombasa County.
“School Milk in the Counties” for a stronger Dairy Industry and a Healthier Generation
The overall objective of the conference is to promote the adoption of school milk at County and National levels. The specific objectives include:
- Share experiences and lessons on successful SMPs from across the world and locally with a view to identifying workable strategies and to generate ideas on how school milk programs could be implemented and sustained in all the Counties.
- Evaluate the ongoing SMPs and the strategies currently being employed by the stakeholders and the counties with a view to identify new opportunities and adopt new strategies to improve program delivery.
- Create a platform for the Dairy Industry to network and engage with the County Governments regarding the benefits of School Milk Programs and the importance of partnerships between the County Governments and the Dairy Industry in ensuring the establishment and the economic viability and sustainability of the School Milk Programs in Kenya.
The Conference will primarily target the County Assembly Speakers and Committee Chairs of Education, Agriculture, Health, Budget, Trade, Cooperatives, County Executive Secretaries in charge of Education, Agriculture, Health and their Chief Officers who are responsible for legislative, policy and decision making in all the 47 Counties. At the National level, the Cabinet Secretaries in charge of Education, Livestock, Health and Finance will also be invited.
Other participants will include:
- Milk processors
- Milk packers
- Milk producers and input suppliers
- Kenya Primary Schools Head Teachers Association (KPSHA)
- Kenya Private Schools Association (KPSA)
- Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA)
- Consumer Federation of Kenya (COFEK)
- Service providers such as Banks, Insurance, Machinery, Transport, Media Outlets, etc
- Research institutions
- Civil society
- Development partners such as UNICEF, FAO, WFP, USAID, UNDP, DFID, World Bank, Land-O-Lakes, SNV, GIZ, UKAID, DANIDA, IFAD, EU, etc.
It is expected that the conference will have the following outputs;
- Awareness creation to the senior officials responsible for legislative, policy and decision making in all the 47 Counties and also at the national Government on the importance and benefits of the School Milk Program
- Enrichment of the School Milk Concept and implementation strategies from the deliberations of the conference to enhance viability and sustainability
- Adoption and implementation of School Milk by the remaining County Governments.
A successful school milk program in Kenya will lead to many positive benefits for children and the society as a whole including:
- Improved nutritional and health status of school going children
- Improved academic performance of school children
- Increased school enrolment, improved classroom attendance and retention in school
- Creation of a milk drinking culture amongst the school going children
- Increased development of the dairy industry from milk production to processing
- Enhanced partnerships & collaborations within and without the Dairy Industry
- Improved livelihoods for all including Dairy farmers who will benefit from a more expansive market for their milk.
CONFERENCE TOPICS TO INCLUDE
The key topics to be covered during the conference include the following among others:
- An overview of the School Milk Programs in Kenya and abroad
- Impact of the ongoing School Milk Programs in Kenya and abroad
- An overview of the Dairy Industry and Dairy Production and Development
- School Milk Program Implementation Models
- Activation, Implementation, Management, Funding, Monitoring, Evaluation, Documentation, and Promotion of School Milk Programs
- Availability of Milk, Quality , Processing, Packaging, Distribution, Consumption, Waste management and Emergency protocols
- Partnerships, Policy alignments, Strategic plans, Procurement and Finance Controls
- Sustainability of School Milk Programs in the Counties (County School Milk Trust Funds)
IMPACT OF THE COUNTY SMP AND MILK REQUIREMENTS PER YEAR
|NO OF CHILDREN IN ECD||1,700,000|
|COST PER PACK OF 200ML||20|
|PACKS PER DAY||1,700,000|
|LITRES PER DAY||340,000|
|LITRES PER WEEK||1,700,000|
|LTRES PER MONTH||6,800,000|
|LITRES PER TERM||20,400,000|
|LITRES PER YEAR||61,200,000|
|TOTAL PACKS PER YEAR||306,000,000|
|TOTAL SALES PER YEAR (KSHS)||6,120,000,000|
OVERVIEW SCHOOL MILK PROGRAMS IN KENYA
The first School milk programme in Kenya was started by the former president Daniel Arap Moi in 1979 and was fully funded by the government. It covered the whole country covering 4.3 million pupils in 11,000 public primary schools.
Kenya co-operative Creameries, as monopoly in milk processing and distribution, was contracted by the Government to process and pack milk for the program. Most of the milk, 80% was ultra-heat- treated and packed in 200 ml long life packs. The balance was pasteurized and packed in 200 ml packs mainly for the schools in urban areas.
The pasteurized milk was delivered directly to schools by KCC while the long life product was distributed through the infrastructure of the Ministry of Education.
BENEFITS REALIZED FROM THE PROGRAM
Included a number of benefits such as;
- Guaranteed market for Kenyan milk which greatly benefited dairy farmers
- Led to expansion of milk collection, cooling and processing capacity of KCC
- School attendance and general health of the children improved according to teachers.
- Instituted a culture of milk drinking hence the high per capita consumption in Kenya
KEY CHALLENGES FACED BY THE PROGRAM
The program was faced by several challenges which eventually led to its stoppage by government. These included;
- High and unsustainable costs
- Poor road infrastructure which affected distribution
- Heavy losses through spoilage
- Lack of capacity on proper handling and storage
- Poor accountability leading to losses and pilferage
KENYA DAIRY BOARD
Kenya Dairy Board is a state corporation established through an Act of Parliament, the Dairy Industry Act Cap 336 of the laws of Kenya. The mandate of the Board is to regulate, promote and develop the Kenyan Dairy Industry.
Under its promotional role, the Board has been promoting the re-introduction of a sustainable school milk program as a way of promoting performance in education and livestock sectors.
DAIRY INDUSTRY IN KENYA
Kenya has a vibrant dairy industry that plays an important socio-economic role in the lives of many Kenyans ranging from farmers to, processors, transporters, milk hawkers and consumers. The population of the dairy herd is currently estimated at 3.5 million (MoALF, 2013) while the annual milk production is approximately 5 billion litres.
OVERVIEW OF PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION IN KENYA
The main objective of primary school education is to cater for the total development of a child, including the physical, spiritual, social, and mental growth, brought about through formal and informal interaction with the parents and the community taking a leading role.
Free primary education (FPE) was introduced in 2003 as part of a strategy to achieve MDGs on Education. This resulted in a significant increase in enrollment from 5.9 to 7.2 million pupils. It is estimated that Kenya’s primary school enrolment rate is 86% for both boys and girls.
Under the devolved system of governance, early childhood education (ECD) has been fully devolved and is currently run and managed by the County Departments of Education in all the 47 Counties. Kenya has over 2.5 million children who are of school going age but only 1.7 are enrolled in ECD Centers run by either the County Governments or the private institutions.
SUSTAINABLE SCHOOL MILK PROGRAM IN KENYA
Beginning 2005, the Kenya Dairy Board and several stakeholders started conceptualizing on how to re-introduce a sustainable school milk program in Kenya. The stakeholders included the Ministries of Livestock, Education and Health, Tetra Pak, New KCC, Kenya School Feeding Council, UNICEF, WFP and FAO among others. This initiative led to the development in 2006 of a concept for a Kenyan School Milk Program.
CONCEPTUALIZATION AND PILOTING
In 2007 the School Milk Concept was piloted with the participation and support of Kenya Dairy Board, Tetra Pak, New K.C.C., Orion Marketing Solutions and the Kenya Private Schools Association among others. The milk was financed by parents in both private and public schools at subsidized rates. In poor areas, the milk was sponsored for free by various institutions.
In the same year, a special brand for the program, known as “Pacoh” was developed, tested and adopted.
In late 2008, the pilot study was successfully concluded and evaluated. The pilot proved that the School Milk Program could be successfully reintroduced in Kenya under a public-private partnership approach.
OBJECTIVES OF THE SCHOOL MILK CONCEPT
The objectives of re-introducing the school milk program in Kenya were to;
- Create a milk drinking culture.
- Improve the Nutritional Status of Targeted Children
- Increase Enrolments at Targeted Schools
- Raise the Attendance Levels at Targeted Schools
- Decrease the Number of Children Leaving the Targeted School Early
- Enhance the Academic Performance of Targeted Children
- Increase the Volume of milk processed in Kenya
- Increase Rural Employment as the Result of the Demand for Locally Produced milk
- Increase Employment along the dairy value chain and in the support services
KEY STRATEGIES AND IMPLEMENTATION APPROACHES
The school milk concept identified the following strategies and proposals to ensure sustainability and success of the program.
- Establishment of a National School Milk Trust Fund to mobilize resources and manage the program at the National level
- Establishment of County based School Milk Trust Funds to mobilize resources and manage the program at the County level
- Tax waiver on milk and other inputs into the school milk program
- Cost sharing of the costs of the program between governments, sponsors and parents
- Introduction of a special levy by Government on the milk produced and marketed to support the school milk program
- Tax concessions by Government to lower costs of the program
KEY MILESTONES TO DATE
- Over 1000 schools both Public and Private, with a population of over 350,000 pupils, have been directly recruited into the ongoing School Milk Programs in Kenya.
- Several milk processors already distributing school milk to both public and private schools across the Country.
- Pacoh brand has been adopted and is currently being processed and packed by two major processors (NKCC and GDFCS).
- A School Milk Program Implementation Manual has been developed and is already being used by the Mombasa and Migori Counties in implementation of their School Milk Programs.
- KPSA to partner with KDB and processors to pack Pacoh School Milk with KPSA Logo for distribution to all private schools in Kenya.
- Several County Governments including Meru, Siaya, Busia, Kilifi, Kwale, Nyandarua, Nakuru, Nyeri, Murang’a and Kisumu have been approached and have shown interest in SMP and are working with KDB on implementation strategies
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES FOR THE COUNTY SCHOOL MILK PROGRAMS
The County based School Milk Programs, which will target over 2.4 million ECD pupils in 47 counties, will be promoted in phases.
The promotion will focus on:
- Creating awareness on the importance of the school milk program to all the Counties
- Promoting adoption of the concept in all the 47 counties
- Promoting establishment of County School Milk Trust Funds (CSMTF) to mobilize resources and manage the program
- Promote establishment of sound policies and planning to support the development and sustainability of school milk in the Counties
- Developing partnerships and collaborations with various stakeholders for the purpose of developing and sustaining the school milk program
- Capacity building of County staff on management of the School Milk Program